Barke and many other nutritionists believe eating smaller meals more frequently—five or six per day—better fuels the body and reduces fat storage. This approach also bumps up your metabolism. “But you have to schedule your eating,” she says. “Write it in your planner. If you don’t put effort into it ahead of time, you’ll get busy during the day and it won’t happen.” If you’re on a five-meals-a-day schedule, eat when it’s time; even if you don’t feel hungry. Believe it or not, you’re actually training your body to be more efficient.
Tackling such training first thing in the morning on an empty stomach is also a great idea - despite what some people say - as this, provided training intensity does not extended beyond moderate and session length is kept as prescribed, will directly target body fat, since glycogen stores will typically be low at this time leaving fat as a major fuel source; if we wait until after breakfast then a percentage of the energy burned will come from the carbohydrates consumed earlier, despite the fact that aerobics, in its purest form, uses oxygen - which activates the usage of fat stores - for energy.
When insulin is produced for no apparent purpose - for example, when we eat a large pizza late at night - the glucose (a form of sugar converted from carbohydrates) that prompts its release will be, in large part, transformed into glycogen (another form of sugar stored in the muscles and liver) and tucked away for future use. And this is where the problem lies. Once our body's capacity for glycogen storage has been reached (around 350 grams in most adults) any remaining will be converted into fat. For a well fed bodybuilder - especially one whose diet includes 40 percent of their total daily calories in the form of carbohydrates - this 350 gram limit will probably be maintained into the evening hours.
If you don’t have an established exercise routine, simply walking is the best first step toward weight loss. “Walking is a pretty good entry point for people,” says Gagliardi. This is particularly true if you have been out of the gym for a while and want to ease back into a workout routine. One small study published in The Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry found that obese women who did a walking program for 50 to 70 minutes three days per week for 12 weeks significantly slashed their visceral fat compared to a sedentary control group.